As a result of a decline in same-store sales and customer traffic levels, the National Restaurant Association's Restaurant Performance Index (RPI) posted a score of 99.9 in November, down 0.8 percent from October.
This was the first time in three months that RPI failed to break 100. The RPI is a monthly composite index that tracks the health of and outlook for the U.S. and a score of more than 100 signifies expansion in the index of key industry indicators.
"While the RPI's November decline was largely the result of softer same-store sales and traffic performances, it doesn't necessarily mean the industry's recovery is in peril," said Hudson Riehle, senior vice president of the Research and Knowledge Group for the Association. "Like the economy as a whole, the restaurant industry's road to recovery will be one with occasional bumps along the way."
The Current Situation Index, which measures current trends in four industry indicators (same-store sales, traffic, labor, and capital expenditures), stood at 98.7 in November – down 1.3 percent from October and the first decline since May, according to the NRA. November's decline came on the heels of the Current Situation Index reaching the 100 level in October, the first such occurrence since August 2007.
For the first time in three months, restaurant operators reported a net decline in same-store sales. Forty percent of restaurant operators reported a same-store sales gain between November 2009 and November 2010, down from 51 percent of operators who reported higher same-store sales in October. In comparison, 44 percent of operators reported a same-store sales decline in November, up from 33 percent of operators who reported negative sales in October.
Restaurant operators also reported a net decline in customer traffic levels in November. Thirty-six percent of restaurant operators reported an increase in customer traffic between November 2009 and November 2010, down from 44 percent of operators who reported higher traffic in October. In comparison, 45 percent of operators reported a traffic decline in November, up from 34 percent in October.
Along with softer sales and traffic levels, capital spending activity dropped off somewhat. Forty percent of operators said they made a capital expenditure for equipment, expansion or remodeling during the last three months, down slightly from 42 percent of operators who reported similarly last month.
The Expectations Index, which measures restaurant operators' six-month outlook for four industry indicators (same-store sales, employees, capital expenditures, and business conditions), stood at 101.2 in November – down 0.2 percent from October and its first decline in four months.
Although the overall Expectations Index declined in November, restaurant operators remain relatively optimistic about sales growth in the months ahead. Forty-two percent of restaurant operators expect to have higher sales in six months (compared with the same period in the previous year), roughly on par with 43 percent who reported similarly last month. Meanwhile, only 14 percent of restaurant operators expect their sales volume in six months to be lower than it was during the same period in the previous year, up slightly from 12 percent who reported similarly last month.
Buoyed by a positive outlook for sales and the economy, restaurant operators' plans for capital expenditures remained relatively steady. Forty-seven percent of restaurant operators plan to make a capital expenditure for equipment, expansion or remodeling in the next six months, compared with 48 percent who reported similarly last month.